Friday, October 2, 2015

Othello Act 4 PLN

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Act IV of William Shakespeare’s Othello illustrates how jealousy can provoke one to make barbarous and radical decisions without thinking.


  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
After Othello overhears Iago and Cassio talking about Bianca’s foolish love for Cassio, Othello confronts Iago in an outrage because Othello thought they were talking about Desdemona. Though it was Iago’s plan to have Othello think that, Iago provides false support towards Othello and gets Othello to name the time, place, and method of Desdemona’s murder.


  • Explanation of ideas
It is completely out of Othello’s normal character that he would consider murdering his supposedly unfaithful wife. However, feelings of jealousy such as this can evoke feelings of anger that result in abnormal behavior.


  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 4 of Othello by William Shakespeare demonstrates that envy, even in the strongest of men, can produce feelings so intense that it clouds clear thinking and skews standard behavior.




Response:
  • Topic sentence: Act IV of Othello features how jealousy results in drastic and extensive decision making that is out of character.
  • Claim 1: Othello begins to distance himself from his customary behavior when he starts seriously considering murdering his wife because of her supposed unfaithfulness.
    • Set-up- As Iago continues to fill Othello’s head with proof and images of Desdemona’s adultery, he eventually gets Othello to name the time, place, and method of Desdemona’s murder.
    • Evidence: Lead-in- “quotation” Iago has Othello in a frenzy when Othello finally gives into the suggestion of murder, “Get me some poison Iago, this night” (Shakespeare 4.1. 223).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim-  Shakespeare uses this direct statement to portray Othello’s radical decision making. Othello’s support for Desdemona’s murder highlights his unfitting mindset and lets the reader see how jealousy affects one’s character.
    • Counterclaim 1: However, not all evidence points to the fact that jealousy itself is enough to stray someone from their natural mentality.

    • Set-up: After Desdemona tries to convince Othello that she is not a whore, Othello’s counterattack is weak and the reader is able to see some of Othello’s original love for Desdemona is coming into play.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” Othello attempts to prove Desdemona’s defense wrong when he falls back into his love for her, “who art so lovely fair, and smell’st so sweet” (Shakespeare 4.2. 78).

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
Even though Othello is exceedingly suspicious of Desdemona’s fickle conduct, he maintains the underlying mindset that she is his wife and that she is a truly beautiful human. This mindset shows that jealousy doesn’t always rule over one’s coherent thoughts.


  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression
At first glance it is easy to see how one could deny that jealousy skews clear thinking. Afterall, jealousy is simply an emotion that is somewhat controllable. However, it is more complicated than that. If the reader looks closer into into Othello’s words during his conversation with Iago, seeing the affect of jealousy in Othello’s mind is not difficult. While Othello is coping with his wife’s supposed unfaithfulness, he cries, “But yet the pity of it, Iago! O, Iago, the pity of it, Iago!” (Shakespeare 4.1 214-215). This outburst is then followed by Othello threatening “I will chop her into messes! Cuckold me?” (Shakespeare 4.1 219). Othello first outlines how upset he is over his broken heart then directly channels that animosity to anger by threatening Desdemona’s life. The correlation between Othello’s feeling of envy and his barbaric behavior is clear. Jealousy causes people to act out of character with radical and harsh thoughts that can often result in destruction.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Act 4 of Shakespeare’s Othello depicts the tyrannical consequences of jealousy, proving that envy does distort logical reasoning.





Monday, September 21, 2015

PLN 3 Maggie Ashley

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Shakespeare's Othello demonstrates the prejudice inequity against women.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Within Othello, the women, Desdemona and Emilia specifically, are suppressed by male figures in the play.
  • Explanation of ideas
Desdemona and Emilia suffer an amount of hostile animosity because of the bias against their gender. Iago verbally degrades them and uses Desdemona as a pawn in his manipulative plan.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Sexism and prejudice are problems Shakespeare portrays in the second act of Othello, the male characters demean and unfairly discriminate against Emilia and Desdemona because of their gender.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________- Othello by William Shakespeare, portrays the prejudice and undermining of women through Iago’s display of his intent to use Desdemona as a pawn.
  • Claim 1: Iago takes advantage of Desdemona’s kindheartedness by telling Roderigo of his plan to use her to make Othello jealous. Iago is going to makes sure that Othello spots Desdemona and Cassio together so he will assume that they are having an affair. Othello assuming this will guarantee that Cassio will not gain his position back- the position Iago hopes to undertake.
    • Set-up As Iago fills Cassio with false confidence about getting his lieutenancy back, he hints that Desdemona is the key to returning Cassio’s reputation to its former state.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” Iago indicates
She is of so free, so kind, so apt, so blessed a disposition she holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more than she is requested”  (Shakespeare 2.3.319- 322).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim Iago displays discrimination towards Desdemona by indicating that women are kind and vulnerable, so Desdemona will be easily manipulated into giving her good word of Cassio to Othello.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
However, although Iago's harmful actions against women could be interpreted as sexism, his manipulative ways are not specifically targeted towards women. He uses almost all the characters as pawns in his plan.
    • Set-up
Iago menaces and manipulates, but his cruelty does not exclusively victimize the female characters.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
As Iago speaks to the audience he broadly states,
Or, failing so, yet that I put the Moor
At least into a jealousy so strong
That judgment cannot cure. Which thing to do,
If this poor trash of Venice, whom I trace
For his quick hunting, stand the putting on,
I'll have our Michael Cassio on the hip,
Abuse him to the Moor in the rank garb” (Shakespeare 2.1. 220-230).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
Iago exhibits cruel and manipulative thoughts towards many characters, the Moor in this case, but he is not exclusively targeting female figures. He expresses his manipulation of a large variety of characters, he shows that he is not sexist, just cruel.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression
Although it is a common thought that Iago’s derogatory persona is directed at all characters, regardless of gender, at closer glance one begins to see how Iago is specifically targeting women. In act 2, scene 1 Iago jumps on an opportunity to openly express his opinion on women. Desdemona thinks that Iago is simply messing around, but there are no jokes when Iago states that women are only there to “suckle fools and chronicle small beer” (Shakespeare 2.1. 71). Iago constantly slanders women and allows his negative prejudice to take control of any decent judgement that he still has. Furthermore, Iago cynically sneers that women are only active in bed, implying that women are prostitutes.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Overall, Shakespeare's Othello demonstrates the sexism occurring against women all around us. Othello show the prejudice surrounding women, Iago degrades Emilia and Desdemona in a way that is cruel and unfair to them.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

REDO-Maggie and Ashley Act 1 Othello

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Act one of the Tragedy of Othello by William Shakespeare proves that people often have underlying intentions contrasting what they outwardly portray.

  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
In the concluding pages of act 1, Iago describes how he plays the other characters, using them to get what he wants. He plays Roderigo, Cassio, and Othello. All these characters see Iago in the way that he portrays himself to them, however none of Iago's pawns are exposed to the real Iago or his true intentions.

  • Explanation of ideas
In the concluding lines of act one, Iago outwardly expresses his two faced intentions to the reader by indicating friendship towards Othello then going behind Othello’s back to verbally share his hatred for him.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare highlights the concept that first impressions are not how you should judge someone, and that one’s personal view of their acquaintance may contrast that person’s true intentions.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: Act 1 of Othello by William Shakespeare demonstrates how people often put on a mask to portray themselves differently based on who they are talking to.
  • Claim 1: Iago betrays both Othello and Roderigo by seemingly portraying his trust to both, but deceiving both of the men behind their backs.
    • Set-up- When Othello and Iago enter the Duke’s counsel, Iago reassures Othello that he will be able to win Brabantio’s approval of his marriage to Desdemona. In other words, Iago is essentially acting as a friend to Othello and falsely presenting his trust to him.
    • Evidence: Lead-in- As Iago continues to act as a friend to Othello, he encourages him,  “Those are the raised father and his friends. You were best to go in.” (Shakespeare 1.2. 33-34).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim- Iago reassures Othello that he will get his desired outcome and is filling Othello with positive thoughts. By doing this Iago expresses camaraderie towards Othello which contrasts what Iago later says when he is alone. Iago is assessing his situation involving Othello by himself when he bitterly states, “But for my sport and profit, I hate the Moor.” (shakespeare 1.3. 429).  William Shakespeare utilizes dramatic irony here to reveal Iago’s two faces to the reader because only the reader is able to see how his two faces are betraying both Roderigo and Othello.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, .... Although it may seem like Iago is pure evil, one might consider that Iago does have everyone's best interests at heart. He demonstrates some effort to please people, so it is not uncommon to see the good in Iago despite his outward evilness.

    • Set-up:
Iago talks Roderigo out of suicide, potentially proving that beneath his layers Iago does have a good heart with positive intent.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
When Roderigo expresses his desires to drown himself, Iago talks him out of it saying, “come, be a man! Drown thyself? Drown blind puppies and cats.” (1.3 375-380 Shakespeare.)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
Shakespeare portrays the good in Iago when Iago convinces Roderigo not to drown himself. Iago considers Roderigo a friend and therefore talks Roderigo out of suicide, which is what any good friend would do.


  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression
Many think that Iago does has people’s best interest in mind and is a trustworthy person. After all, Iago has not directly caused harm to anyone and did try and talk Roderigo out of suicide. This position seems reasonable at first glance, however at closer glance Iago’s true intentions slowly start to reveal themselves. The only reason Iago is talking Roderigo out of suicide is to aid his own plans and not at all for the sake of his friend’s well-being. Iago is setting multiple people up for failure by portraying false trust to their faces then going behind their back and doing things that will, in the long run, cause them harm.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Overall, Iago’s false portrayal to Roderigo and Othello proves that people and their intentions aren't always what they seem.

Saturday, September 12, 2015

REDO PLN--Maggie and Ashley Bully

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea-
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, portrayed the defiance that occurs surrounding the subject of bullying by both the administration and the children because they’re scared of facing the problem
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Every principle and the majority of kids interviewed, including some victims denied bullying or brushed it off, they said it was not a big deal or that the tormentors were just joking.
  • Explanation of ideas
The fact that the administration of schools and even the victim’s themselves are essentially hiding from the topic of bullying highlights Hirsch’s suggestion that there is fear in the thought of facing the bullying epidemic.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Principles and kids choose to ignore bullying rather than facing the problem because they are scared to admit that something serious is occurring.  They take the easy way out and deny there’s a problem.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, highlights the enmity shown by teachers, students, and parents against the idea of facing the bullying epidemic due to their own fears.
  • Claim 1: Administration, kids, and even some victims deny that bullying is even occurring in schools.
    • Set-up: Teachers, kids, administration, and the school environment as a whole shies away from that fact that bullying is occurring in the school because they are scared of facing the problem, -
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
When Alex’s parents questioned Alex about bullying, Alex seemingly defended his tormentors by saying “He’s just messing around with me” (Hirsch)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim- The bully situations that Alex was dealing with were much more drastic than Alex was letting on. The attacks that Alex were facing ranged from getting stabbed with pencils to verbal abuse that established  an isolated environment for Alex. The fact that Alex is embracing these nauseating actions as acceptable demonstrates his own personal denial towards the fact that he is instead being severely bullied.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, .... many schools face the problem of bullying head on by holding assemblies and confronting reported bullies.
    • Set-up Many teachers and principals approached bullies and had discussions with them or made bullies apologize to their victims, proving that they are not afraid of facing the bullying epidemic in their school.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )
Alex’s assistant principal confronted one of the bullies, she told Alex, “I talked to him, he never shoved your head under the seat again” (Hirsch)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
She was not afraid to confront the bullies that inflicted so much wretchedness on Alex, she talked to them, and the problem that Alex reported never recurred.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression-
A common view is that the bullying epidemic is being exaggerated and is not worth the attention of school boards. This position seems reasonable because not all schools suffer from bullying and there are many kids who have never experienced it at all. While this view sounds plausible at first glance, the more accurate way to think of bullying is to take into account all school districts that are suffering from it. Nearly 400 kids that are victims of bullying commit suicide each year, and this number does not come close to brushing up against the number of students that haven’t committed suicide, but still suffer from severe bullying. Administration and students need to open their eyes and recognize the epidemic that has spread across the country. They need to take a stand against what is costing innocent children their lives, self confidence, and respect for themselves along with respect for the world around them.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea

Bullying in a prominent problem across school districts in America, and in many ways school environments accept bullying by denying that it occurs. Bully, directed by Lee Hersh interviewed bullies, victims, and school personnel who avoid and deny the serious bullying issue that affect their lives everyday. Hirsch’s point of view relates to the idea that the reason the school board is so sensitive to bullying is due to their own fears of what might happen if the problem does get addressed, and how this fear has an impact on schools and children’s lives around the nation.

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Ashley and Maggie PLN 2- Othello

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Act one of The tragedy of Othello, by William Shakespeare proves that people often have underlying intentions contrasting what they outwardly portray, looks are deceiving and friends don’t always have others best interests at heart.

  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
In the concluding pages of act 1, Iago describes how he is playing the other characters, using them to get what he wants. He is playing Roderigo, Cassio, and Othello. All these characters see Iago in the way that he portrays himself to them, none of Iago's pawns are exposed to the real Iago or his true intentions.

  • Explanation of ideas
In the concluding lines of act one, Iago outwardly expresses his two faced intentions to the reader by portraying friendship towards Othello then going behind Othello’s back and verbally sharing his hatred for Othello to Roderigo.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare demonstrates the evilness behind the idea of betrayal and the fact that people may have two faces. Othello highlights the concept that physical appearance as well as first intentions are not how you should judge someone, and that one’s personal view of their acquaintance may contrast that person’s true intentions.

Response:
  • Topic sentence: Act 1 of Othello by William Shakespeare demonstrates the contrast between people’s intentions and their public image, or first impressions.
  • Claim 1: Iago is betraying both Othello and Roderigo by seemingly portraying his trust to both, but talking trash about each of them behind their backs.
    • Set-up- When Othello and Iago enter the Duke’s counsel, Iago is reassuring Othello that he will be able to win Brabantio’s approval of his marriage to Desdemona. In other words, Iago is essentially acting as a friend to Othello and falsely presenting his trust to him.
    • Evidence: Lead-in- As Iago is continuing to act as a friend to Othello, he encourages him by saying  “Those are the raised father and his friends. You were best to go in.” (Shakespeare 1.2. 33-34)
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim- Iago is reassuring Othello that he will get his desired outcome and is filling Othello with positive thoughts. By doing this Iago is expressing camaraderie towards Othello which is contrasting what Iago later says when he is alone. Iago is assessing his situation involving Othello by himself when he bitterly states “But for my sport and profit, I hate the Moor.” (shakespeare 1.3. 429)  William Shakespeare is using dramatic irony here to reveal Iago’s two faces to the reader because the reader is able to see Iago indicate friendship to Othello, then watch Iago go and express his true feelings of hatred towards him.
  • Counterclaim 1: However, .... Although it may seem like Iago is pure evil, one might consider that Iago does have everyone's best interests at heart. He demonstrates a consistent effort to please everyone, it is not uncommon to see the good in Iago despite his outward evilness.

    • Set-up:
Iago talks Roderigo out of suicide, potentially proving that beneath his layers, Iago does have a good heart with positive intent.

    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation”
When Roderigo expresses his desires to drown himself, Iago talks him out of it saying, “come, be a man! Drown thyself? Drown blind puppies and cats.” (1.3 375-380 Shakespeare.)

    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
Shakespeare portrays the good in Iago, when Iago convinces Roderigo not to drown himself. Iago considers Roderigo a friend and therefor does what any good friend should do, supports him and discourages him when he talks of killing himself.


  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? Use the rebuttal progression
Many think that Iago does has people’s best interest in mind and is a trustworthy person. After all Iago has not directly caused harm to anyone and did try and talk Roderigo out of suicide. This position seems reasonable at first glance, however at closer glance Iago’s true intentions slowly start to reveal themselves. The only reason Iago is talking Roderigo out of suicide is to aid his own plans and not at all for the sake of his friend’s well-being. Iago is setting multiple people up for failure by portraying false trust to their faces then going behind their back and doing things that will, in the long run, cause them harm.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Overall, Iago is a bestil menacing personality who has strictly evil intentions, he is not just two faced but many faced, and is a friend to no one. This proves that first impressions and looks are not good things to base judgements off of. It proves that people aren't always what they seem, and someone's outward portrayal of themselves doesn't always duplicate who they truly are.